I think you are already familiar with Initial public offering or IPOs, where organizations sell stock to increase their funds. ICO is same like that. With the support of the Blockchain technology, we can make trustless translations without the presence of the third party. This technology itself is a major step toward solving the digital issues.
ICO is a version of cryptocurrency crowdfunding and is the part of crypto-world. It’s one of the simplest and most proficient strategies for organizations and people to fund their projects and for the standard user to put resources into ventures they see value in. An ICO is an occasion that normally extends a time of one week or progressively and in which everybody is permitted to buy recently issued tokens in exchange for established digital-currencies such as Ether (ETH) /Ethereum Blockchain or Bitcoin (BTC).
In an ICO, there can be particular goals or farthest-point for venture funding, implying that each token will have a pre-assigned value that won’t change amid the ICO period, which implies that the token supply is static. It is normal to have a static supply with a dynamic funding goal, in which the delivery of tokens will be made by the assets got, implying that the more subsidies the undertaking get the higher the token cost will be.
You can have a dynamic token supply that will be dictated by various assets that are gotten, implying that the cost for every token is static such as 1 ETH – 1 token, however, every time one Ether is sent another token is made. A limit can be set by time frame and goals. In the year 2013, over US$5.1 billion were raised through crowdfunding around the world, which expanded to US$16 billion in 2014 and was evaluated at over US$34 billion of every 2015.
Below is the top ICO list:
- Nxt ICO
- Ethereum ICO
- Lisk ICO
- Waves ICO
- Stratis ICO
How an ICO works?
All new ICOs start with an idea. Startup ideas come up with an idea for blockchain related ventures and offer it to the community. If the startup discovers traction, they proceed and formally draft a white paper that gives all the details – from the group working on the undertaking to its future plans and technical aspect.
Different particulars are chosen then, including the number of tokens that will be circulated, the cost of every token and how the tokens will be utilized as a part of the venture’s ecosystem. Promoting efforts are propelled after this to pick up energy and an ICO date is revealed when the token deal is booked to start. There is normally a defined time to surge the needed funds, after which the deal closes.
Speculators begin accepting their tokens and tactics are made for them to go live on trades for exchanging. Clearly, this is a basic summary and a lot of work goes in the background, the final result is a pool of early speculators getting tokens from a promising startup hopes of future benefits.